Kamus bahasa Indonesia/Pe

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pecah
broken, smashed, divided in opinion.
berpecah: break up into pieces.
mempecah; mempecahkan: break, smash, analyse, solve (a problem).
pecahan: a broken fragment, faction of a larger whole.
pempecahan: solution, answer, separation, divorce, fission.
pecat
fired (from a job).
pempecatan: dismissal.
peci
(sila lihat: pici.)
pecut
whip.
mempecut: to whip.
mempecuti: to whip something repeatedly.
pedanda
Balinese Hindu priest.
pedang
sword.
pedas
spicy hot, severe, biting.
kepedasan: too spicy hot, suffer from eating too spicy food.
pedati
horse-drawn cart.
berpedati: ride a cart.
pedih
smarting, poignant.
mempedih: to become stingingly painful.
mempedihi; mempedihkan: painful, causing something to be painful.
kepedihan: pain, poignancy.
pedoman
compass, manual, guide, directive.
mempedomani: give guidance to.
peduli
pay attention, care about.
mempedulikan: pay attention to.
pegal
stiff, painful (of muscles), weary, weariness, irritated.
pegalan: tend to be stiff or weary, be easily annoyed.
pegang
hold on, grasp.
berpegang: hold on to.
berpegangan: hold on to everyone or each other.
mempegang: hold, take hold of.
pegangan: grip, handle, something to which something else may be anchored.
pempegang: holder.
pegar
pheasant.
pegawai
government official, employee, worker.
pegel
(sila lihat pegal di halaman ini.)
pejabat
(sila lihat: jabat.)
pejam
closed (eyes).
mempejam; mempejamkan: to close the eyes.
terpejam: closed.
pejamkan: to ask someone to close his or her eyes.
peka
sensitive.
kepekaan: sensitivity.
pekak
deaf.
pekan
week.
Pekanbaru
capital city of the Province of Riau in Indonesia.
pekat
thick, concentrated, tough, strong (of coffee).
mempekati: inspire feelings.
mempekatkan: make thick.
kepekatan: thickness, concentration.
pekik
yell, scream.
mempekik: yell, scream.
mempekikkan: scream something out.
terpekik: let out a scream.
pekikan: a scream.
pel
mop.
mempel; mengepel; ngepel: mop.
pelan: mopping.
pelajar
student, pupil; (sila lihat juga: ajar).
pelajaran: (sila lihat: ajar).
pelan
slow, soft (of a voice, sound, et cetera).
pelancong
(sila lihat: lancong).
pelangi
rainbow.
pelawak
(sila lihat: lawak).
pelayan
(sila lihat: layan).
pelbagai
various sorts, all sorts of.
kepelbagaian: diversity.
pelek
rim of wheel.
pelesir
take a pleasure trip, take amusement.
berpelesir: take a trip or other sort of amusement.
kepelesiran: pleasures.
pelesiran: pleasure, amusement.
pelesit
locust.
pelihara
take care of, protect, raise, rear, keep, maintain.
mempelihara: raise (animals, plants).
peliharaan: things to raise or be protected.
pempelihara: caretaker.
pempeliharaan: caregiving, cultivation.
dipelihara: to be raised.
pelir
penis.
pelit
stingy, careful with money.
pelita
oil lamp, light (used metaphorically).
Pelita
a syllabic abbreviation of or for "Pembangunan Lima Tahun", or the five-year development plan programme by the Indonesian government.
Pelni
a half acronym of and half syllabic abbreviation for "Perusahaan Pelayaran Nasional Indonesia", or the Indonesian National Shipping Company.
pelopor
pioneer, scout.
pelosok
remote spot, corner.
peluit
a whistle (either the sound of a whistle or the device for making the sound).
peluk
embrace, hug.
mempeluki: to embrace something or someone.
peluru
bullet, projectile.
pematang
embankment, dike (as between rice paddies).
pemberantasan
efforts to eliminate; (sila lihat juga: berantas).
pemda
a small syllabic abbreviation of or for "pemerintah daerah", or the local government.
pemilu
a small syllabic abbreviation of or for "pemilihan umum", or the general election.
pemirsa
(sila lihat: pirsa.)
pemuda
(sila lihat: muda.)
pemudi
young woman.
pena
a writing pen.
penasaran
inwardly angered or embittered.
penat
tired, weary, exhausted.
berpenat-penat: toil and sweat.
mempenatkan: tire, exhaust, wearying, exhausting.
kepenatan: tired, weariness, fatique.
penatu
laundry.
mempenatukan: send something to the laundry.
penatuan: laundering place.
pencak
a kind of traditional martial art in Indonesia, a system of self-defense.
berpencak: the use of this system of self-defense.
pencar
disperse, scatter.
berpencar: disperse, be dispersed all over.
mempencar: dispersed, spread out.
mempencarkan: disperse something.
pencaran: distribution, dispersion.
pencil
isolated, desolate, remote.
terpencil: isolated, desolate.
kepencilan; keterpencilan: isolation.
pendam
hide underneath, bury.
terpendam: hidden underneath.
pendapat
opinion, statement.
berpendapat: to state opinions.
sependapat: in agreement with.
pendar
turn; luminescent, phosphorescent.
berpendar; berpendaran: turn, go around.
mempendar-pendarkan: turn something, turn something around.
berpendar-pendar: luminescent.
pendek
short.
pendeta
Protestant minister, Hindu, or Buddhist priest.
pendopo
a large open verandah attached to a traditional Javanese mansion or palace.
penganan
snack.
penganten
the bride and bridegroom of a marriage.
pengantin
(sila lihat penganten di halaman ini.)
pengap
close, stuffy, stale, musty.
mempengap: close tightly.
mempengapkan: oppressive.
kepengapan: lack of fresh air.
pengaruh
influence.
berpengaruh: influential.
mempengaruhi: to influence.
pengat
fish or meat stewed in spicy sauce, a porridge of tuber, squash, or bananas in coconut milk.
mempengat: prepare something in a spicy stew.
pengelawat
(sila lihat: kelawat.)
pengestu
(sila lihat: pangestu.)
penggal
piece, lump, fragment.
berpenggal-penggal: in pieces.
mempenggal: cut off, cut something to pieces.
penggalan: piece, bit.
pempenggalan: cutting off the top or head.
penggunaan
employing, utilising, using; (sila lihat juga: guna).
penghulu
a village or Muslim headman.
pengulu
(sila lihat penghulu di halaman ini.)
pening
dizzy, disoriented in one's senses.
peniti
safety pin.
penjara
jail, prison.
mempenjarakan: to imprison someone.
pempenjaraan: imprisonment.
penjuru
corner, angle, direction from which something comes.
pensil
pencil.
pensiun
pension, retired.
berpensiun: retired.
pensiunan: a retired person, retiree.
pentas
platform, stage.
mempentaskan: stage something, present something (on a stage).
pentasan: onstage performance.
pempentasan: presentation, showing.
penting
important, significant.
mempentingkan: give importance to, emphasise.
kepentingan: importance, significance, benefit.
berkepentingan: to have an interest, be concerned.
pentol
knob.
pentolan: prominent, leader of a gang, leader, bulb.
pentul
(sila lihat pentol di halaman ini.)
pentung
club, cudgel.
mempentung: to club.
mempentungi: club repeatedly.
pentungan: club, cudgel.
penuh
full, complete.
mempenuhi: fill, complete something.
kepenuhan: filled, fullness, completeness.
penyebaran
spread out, scatter; (sila lihat juga: sebar).
pepaya
(sila lihat: papaya.)
pepes
meat or fish wrapped in a banana leaf and roasted.
mempepes: cook something in this way.
pepesan: fish or meat cooked in banana leaf wrap.
pepet
stopped up (of nose), dead end, no way out.
mepepet: tight, press oneself into a corner, against someone.
mempepetkan: corner, trap.
kepepet; terpepet: cornered, trapped.
per
per, by.
perabot
furniture.
perabotan: furnishings, furniture.
peragawati
fashion model.
perah
squeeze, milk, dairy.
memperah: squeeze, milk.
perahan: a milch cow, something squeezed out.
pemperah: milker.
pemperahan: squeezing.
perahu
boat.
perai
leek.
perak
silver.
perakan: a paper or coin rupiah.
peran
actor, character (in a story), role, peranan.
berperan: have a role.
memperankan: play the role of.
peranan: a role or part.
pemperan: player of a role.
Perancis
France, French.
perang
war, battle.
berperang: wage war.
memperangi: fight against, war on.
memperangkan: cause to fight.
perang-perangan: manoeuvres, mock warfare.
peperangan: battle, war.
perangkap
trap.
terperangkap: trapped.
perangko
(sila lihat: prangko.)
peranjat
startled, surprised, shocked.
terperanjat: surprised, frightened.
peranti
apparatus, appliance, remedy for, in order to.
peranyak
flopped down (into a chair) from astonishment, et cetera.
terperanyak: to drop with a dull thud (with surprise).
perapatan
crossroads.
peras
press, squeeze, exploit.
meperas: to squeeze.
perasman
Frenchman, French.
perasmanan: meal served buffet style.
perawan
virgin girl, brand new to something.
memperawani: make someone or something lose virginity.
keperawanan: spinsterhood, maidenhood, virginity.
perawis
materials, ingredients.
perbagai
all sorts of, all kinds of.
perbahasa
proverb, expression.
perbal
police warrant.
meperbal; diperbal: having one's name and address taken down by a policeman.
perban
bandage.
memperban; memperbani: dress a wound.
Perbanas
a syllabic abbreviation for "Persatuan Bank-Bank National Swasta", or the Association of National Private Banks.
perbawa
influence, prestige.
perbekel
village chief in Bali.
percaya
belief, faith, trust, believe.
mempercayai: believe in.
terpercaya: believable, reliable.
kepercayaan: belief, faith, trust, someone who is trustworthy or reliable.
percik
stain, spot, speck.
berpercikan: splash (with), sprinkle with.
meperciki: splash, sprinkle.
tepercik: splashed.
percikan: sprinkling.
perdana
principal, inaugural.
perdata
(legislation, legislative, or legislature) court of justice, civil (cases).
memperdatakan: bring a civil case to court.
keperdataan: having to do with civil law.
perdu
visible stool (of bamboo), necessary.
perduli
(sila lihat peduli di halaman ini.)
perempuan
woman, female.
pergi
go, leave, be out (of the house, office, et cetera).
bepergian: travel, go on a trip.
kepergian: departure, travel, journey.
pergok
catch someone by surprise.
mempergoki: catch by surprise, catch someone red-handed.
terpergok: detected, caught in the act.
kepergok: surprised, unexpectedly.
peria
cucumber-like climbing plant.
periai
lower nobility, subordinate officials, good-class person, a courtier.
periang
(sila lihat: riang.)
peribahasa
proverb.
peridi
fertile (animals).
perigi
well, source.
perih
(sila lihat pedih di halaman ini.)
perihal
situation, event, things, about something.
periksa
investigation, inspection, examination, get someone examined.
memperiksa: investigate, cross-examine, control, inspect.
memperiksai: search through, check.
memperiksakan: have something examined.
periksaan: hearing, inquest.
pemperiksa: investigator, inspector, (legislation, legislative, or legislature) cross-examiner.
pemperiksaan: investigation, inspection, interrogation.
perinci
(sila lihat: rinci.)
pering
stink, stinking, stinky, bamboo.
peringkat
level, rank.
memperingkat: arrange by rank.
perintah
order, command.
memperintah; memperintahi: order, command, rule, govern.
memperintahkan: order, command something.
terperintah: subjected.
pemperintah: government.
pemperintahan: government administration.
periode
period (of time), tempoh.
perisai
shield.
peristiwa
event, incident, phenomenon.
periuk
cooking pot.
perji
female genital.
perkakas
tools, equipment, instruments.
memperkakasi: equip, furnish.
perkakasan: tools, equipment, instruments.
perkara
matter, case.
beperkara; berperkara: be involved in a (legal) case.
memperkarakan: make a case of, take something or someone to court.
perkasa
brave, courageous, physically powerful, strong, and robust.
keperkasaan: strength, robustness.
perkosa
violent, violence.
memperkosa: rape, violate.
perkosaan: rape, violation.
pemperkosa: rapist.
perkutut
turtledove.
perlahan
slow, soft (of a noise).
memperlahankan: to slow something down, soften something.
perlaya
die in the battle.
memperlayai; memperlayakan: kill in battle.
perlu
necessary, needed, must.
seperlunya: to the extent necessary.
memperlukan: need.
keperluan: need, requirement.
perlus
fall into a hole.
teperlus: step (into a hole), fall through, sink in somewhere.
permadani
carpet.
permai
beautiful, fine.
kepermaian: beauty.
permak
altered (clothes).
mempermak: alter.
permana
number, quantity, calculable, numerable.
permata
jewel, precious stone.
permata hati: sweetheart, beloved one.
permen
peppermint.
Permesta
a syllabic abbreviation of or for "Piagam Perjuangan Semesta Alam", or the Universal Struggle Charter, the uprising in Sulawesi in the late 1950s.
Permigan
a syllabic abbreviation of or for "Pertambangan Minyak dan Gas Nasional", or the National Oil and Gas Company.
permili
relations, relatives, family.
Permina
a syllabic abbreviation of or for "Perusahaan Minyak Nasional", or the National Oil Mining Company.
permisi
ask permission, ask to be excused.
pernah
once, ever.
peron
railway platform.
perosot
sink, fall, lessen.
pers
press, newspaper service.
persada
homeland, group of nations that have connection, the fatherland.
persatuan
unity, perpaduan.
persegi
(sila lihat: segi.)
persen
percent, tip, present to a subordinate.
mempersen; memperseni: reward someone with.
kepersenan: percentage.
persenan: percentage or tip given.
persenjataan
weaponry; (sila lihat juga: senjata).
persentase
percentage.
persero
share, shareholder, partner.
perseroan: company.
perseroan terbatas: limited liability company, incorporated.
persis
precisely, exactly.
personal
individual.
pertama
first.
pertama-tama: the first of all.
Pertamin
a syllabic abbreviation of or for "Pertambangan Minyak Indonesia", or the Indonesian Oil Mining Company.
Pertamina
a half syllabic abbreviation of or for "Perusahaan Pertambangan Minyak dan Gas Bumi Negara", or the State-Owned National Oil Company of Indonesia.
Perti
a half acronym of and half syllabic abbreviation for "Persatuan Tarbiyah Islamiyah", or the Islamic Educational Movement.
Perumtel
a syllabic abbreviation of or for "Perusahaan Umum Telepon", or the General Telephone Company.
perunggu
bronze.
perut
stomach, belly.
Perwari
a half acronym of and half syllabic abbreviation for "Persatuan Wanita Republik Indonesia", or the Organisation of Indonesian Women.
perwira
(military) officer, brave, courageous.
keperwiraan: heroism.
pesan
order, instruct, instruction, command, message.
berpesan: order, instruct, give a message, give instruction.
mempesan: order something, reserve a place.
pesanan: an order or message.
pempesan: buyer or customer.
pesangon
separation pay.
pesantren
Islamic school for the study of the Koran or Qur'an.
pesat
very quick.
kepesatan: great speed.
pesawat
instrument, machine, telephone, telecommunications device, airplane.
pesek
flat-nosed.
pesen
(sila lihat pesan di halaman ini.)
pesimistis
pessimistic.
pesing
stink, nasty (smell).
pesirah
a village-head in Palembang.
pesisir
coastal area.
peso
the Philippine peso.
pesona
enchantment, spell.
mempesona; mempesonakan: enchant, hypnotise.
terpesona: enthralled.
pesta
party, festivity.
berpesta: to have a party, go to a party.
mempestakan: to celebrate something.
Peta
a half acronym and half syllabic abbreviation for "Pembela Tanah Air", or the Defenders of our Homeland, the Indonesian auxiliary troops in the Japanese occupation.
peta
map, chart, picture.
mempetakan: map, chart.
pempetaan: cartography.
petaka
disaster, accident, misfortune.
petambak
fisherman (usually for earthen fish or shrimp).
petang
afternoon, dark.
kepetangan: overtaken by nightfall.
petani
farmer.
petas
firecrackers.
petasan: fireworks, squibs.
peti
case, box.
petik
pick, pluck.
mempetik: pick flowers, fire (gun), pluck (strings of musical instruments), snap one's fingers, quote from a book.
mempetiki: pick many things.
terpetik: be picked up.
petikan: playing (of guitar), quotation.
petisi
petition.