mamihlapinatapai

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Bahasa Inggeris[sunting]

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Wikipedia bahasa Inggeris mempunyai rencana mengenai:

Kata nama[sunting]

mamihlapinatapai

  1. Keadaan kesemua peserta inginkan sesuatu terlaksana, namun tiada yang ingin melakukannya.
    • 2008, Jennifer Ackerman, Sex Sleep Eat Drink Dream: A Day in the Life of Your Body[1]:
      By contrast, if that same face looks away from us, the activity in this area diminishes, lire heightened dopamine activity is not rooted in the attractiveness of the gazer per se, but in the potential for interaction signaled by eye contact, mamihlapinatapei.
    • 2008, Len Fisher, Rock, Paper, Scissors: Game Theory in Everyday Life, page 77:
      The Volunteer's Dilemma, or mamihlapinatapai, is a game of Chicken with many participants.
    • 2012, Mark Forsyth, The Horologicon: A Day's Jaunt through the Lost Words of the English language[2]:
      As two people stand at a doorway each gesturing 'After you', that is mamihlapinatapai.
    • 2013, V. S. Atbay, Epiphany - A Collection of Poems[3]:
      We knew of this, the secret language grew between my yearning, between her submission, temporary and fleeting, only to be caught again. And there was that word; Mamihlapinatapai
    • 2013, Koren Zailckas, Mother, Mother: A Novel[4]:
      Mamihlapinatapai. A naming word. It meant the wordless, yet meaningful look shared by two people who both desire to initiate something but are both reluctant to start.

Etimologi[sunting]

Daripada perkataan bahasa Yámana mamihlapinatapai, iaitu The Guinness Book of Records menyenaraikannya sebagai "perkataan teringkas," menakrifkan perkataan ini sebagai "saling melihat mengharapkan yang lain menghulurkan bantuan melakukan sesuatu yang kedua-dua pihak inginkan tetapi tidak sanggup melakukannya."[1]

Perkataan ini bentuk terbitan biasa daripada kata kerja ihlvpi /iɬəpi/, bermakna "rasa janggal" atau "menjadi rugi atas tindakan": ma[m]- [[w:Duaan_(bilangan tatabahasa)|Templat:smallcaps]] + ihlvpi + :n[a]- [[w:kata kerja keadaan|Templat:smallcaps]] + -at[a]- [[w:Kausatif|Templat:smallcaps]] + -a:pai Templat:smallcaps. Makna harfiahnya secara kasar "menjadikan satu sama lain rasa janggal kedua-duanya".[2]

Bentuk lain[sunting]

  • mamihlapinatapei (kesalahan ejaan umum)

Rujukan[sunting]

  1. The Guinness Book of Records, 1994, page 392.
  2. LanguageHat, Mamihlapinatapai. Accessed 2018-06-21.